Rules for Italian adjectives – Gli aggettivi

Adjectives, like articles and nouns, can be masculine or feminine, singular or plural and they always agree to the noun to which they refer.

There are 2 categories of adjectives:

  1. Adjectives that have O and A endings for the singular form (e.g. “carino, carina“), change in I and E for the plural form. (e.g. “carini, carine“)

gli aggettivi in -o -a

  1. Adjectives ending with E maintain the same form for feminine and masculine singular but they change form in the plural.

gli aggettivi in -e

nuovo = new
carino = nice
intelligente = smart

Adjectives always agree with the noun to which they refer; now we’ll have a look at some examples to understand how to make articles, nouns and adjectives agree.

An example with a masculine adjective of the first category:

 gli aggettivi maschili in -o

An example with a feminine adjective of the first category:

gli aggettivi femminili in -a

 An example with a masculine adjective of the second category:

gli aggettivi in -e esempio

 

An example with a feminine adjective of the second category:

gli aggettivi in -e esempio femm

When adjectives refer both to a feminine and masculine noun they take the plural masculine form. An example: un uomo e una donna italiani.

Some of the most common adjectives:

Adjectives in -o Adjectives in -e
Bello, a, i, e (beautiful)
Carino, a, i, e (nice)
Buono, a, i, e (good/tasty)
Bravo, a, i, e
Brutto, a, i, e (ugly/awful)
Simpatico, a, i, he (funny/enjoyable)
Antipatico, a, i, he (unpleasant/annoying)
Piccolo, a, i, e (small)
Solo, a, i, e (alone/only)
Alto, a, i, e (tall/high)
Basso, a, i, e (short/little)
Povero, a, i, e (poor)
Fortunato, a, i, e (lucky)
Duro, a, i, e (hard/tough)
Impegnato, a, i, e (busy/occupied)
Ricco, a, cchi, cche (rich)
Noioso, a, i, e (boring)
Timido, a, i, e (shy)
Stupido, a, i, e (stupid)
Intelligente, i (smart/intelligent)
Importante, i (important)
Gentile, i (kind)
Particolare, i (peculiar)
Grande, i (big)
Triste, i (sad)
Felice, i (happy)
Appassionante, i (thrilling)
Intrigante, i (intriguing)
Affascinante, i (fascinating)
Accattivante, i(engaging)
Disponibile, i (available)
Semplice, i (simple/easy)
Attraente, i (charming)
Interessante, i (interesting)
Elegante, i (elegant)

 

EXERCISE 

Choose the right adjective.

  1. La macchina è _______.
    bella
    bello
    belli
    belle

 

  1. Le case sono ______.
    bianca
    bianche
    bianco
    bianchi

 

  1. I fiori sono _______.
    giallo
    gialla
    gialle
    gialli

 

  1. La poltrona è ______.
    comode
    comoda
    comodo
    comodi

 

  1. Carla è una ragazza ______.
    alto
    alti
    alte
    alta

Thank you for reading the article, if you find it useful, you could like it or leave a comment. And don’t forget that you can write your exercises in a comment to have the correction.

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