To conjugate Italian verbs in the present indicative tense, you first need to understand that Italian infinitives (the “to form”, as to love, to read, to sleep) end in one of 3 ways and you conjugate the verb based on that ending.
Italian verbs that end in -ARE are called verbs of the first conjugation (prima coniugazione).
For example: amare (to love), parlare (to speak) and studiare (to study).
Italian verbs that end in -ERE are called verbs of the second conjugation (seconda coniugazione).
For example vedere (to see), credere (to believe), leggere (to read).
Italian verbs that end in -IRE are called verbs of the third conjugation (terza coniugazione).
For example dormire (to sleep), aprire (to open), sentire (to hear/to feel).
The present tense of the regular verbs is formed by dropping the infinitive ending -ARE/-ERE/-IRE and adding the appropriate endings to the resulting stems:
[-o -i -a -iamo -ate -ano] first conjugation
[-o -i -e -iamo -ete -ono] second conjugation
[-o -i -e -iamo -ite -ono] third conjugation
Now let’s see some examples:
Verbs of the first conjugation end in -ARE
The English verb “to play” has two different translations in Italian:
1. If you are playing a instrument you will use the Italian verb suonare.
I play the guitar = suono la chitarra.
2. If you are playing a game you will use the Italian verb giocare.
I play football = gioco a calcio.
The verb mangiare is the equivalent of the English to eat.
I eat pasta = mangio la pasta.
Verbs of the second conjugation end in -ERE
Vedere means to see. I see a plane = vedo un aereo.
Credere means to believe. I believe in myself = credo in me stesso.
Leggere means to read. I read a book = leggo un libro.
Verbs of the third conjugation end in -IRE
Dormire means to sleep. I sleep at your place tonight = dormo da te stanotte.
Aprire means to open. I open the door = apro la porta.
Sentire means to hear. I hear some noises = sento dei rumori.
Understand the infinitive of these verbs by their conjugation and fill the chart.
penso – vediamo – apre – scrivete – pensate – mangi – studiano – leggete
parto – vedete – aprite – studia – partite – scrivi – leggiamo – mangiate
|Verbs in –are||Verbs in –ere||Verbs in –ire|
Thank you for reading the article, if you find it useful, you could like it or leave a comment. And don’t forget that you can write your exercises in a comment to have the correction.