Present tense of the regular verbs

To conjugate Italian verbs in the present indicative tense, you first need to understand that Italian infinitives (the “to form”, as to love, to read, to sleep) end in one of 3 ways and you conjugate the verb based on that ending.

Italian verbs that end in -ARE are called verbs of the first conjugation (prima coniugazione).
For example: amare (to love), parlare (to speak) and studiare (to study).

Italian verbs that end in -ERE are called verbs of the second conjugation (seconda coniugazione).
For example vedere (to see), credere (to believe), leggere (to read).

Italian verbs that end in -IRE are called verbs of the third conjugation (terza coniugazione).
For example dormire (to sleep), aprire (to open), sentire (to hear/to feel).

 

The present tense of the regular verbs is formed by dropping the infinitive ending -ARE/-ERE/-IRE and adding the appropriate endings to the resulting stems:
[-o -i -a -iamo -ate -ano] first conjugation
[-o -i -e -iamo -ete -ono] second conjugation
[-o -i -e -iamo -ite -ono] third conjugation

Now let’s see some examples:

Verbs of the first conjugation end in -ARE

verbs in -are

 

The English verb “to play” has two different translations in Italian:

1. If you are playing a instrument you will use the Italian verb suonare.
I play the guitar = suono la chitarra.

2. If you are playing a game you will use the Italian verb giocare.
I play football = gioco a calcio.

The verb mangiare is the equivalent of the English to eat.
I eat pasta = mangio la pasta.

Verbs of the second conjugation end in -ERE

verbs in -ere

 

Vedere means to see. I see a plane = vedo un aereo.

Credere means to believe. I believe in myself = credo in me stesso.
Leggere means to read. I read a book = leggo un libro.

Verbs of the third conjugation end in -IRE

verbs in -ire

 

Dormire means to sleep. I sleep at your place tonight = dormo da te stanotte.

Aprire means to open. I open the door = apro la porta.

Sentire means to hear. I hear some noises = sento dei rumori.

EXERCISE

Understand the infinitive of these verbs by their conjugation and fill the chart.

penso – vediamo –  apre  – scrivete –  pensate –  mangi – studiano – leggete

parto – vedete – aprite – studia – partite – scrivi – leggiamo – mangiate

 

Verbs in –are Verbs in –ere Verbs in –ire

 

Thank you for reading the article, if you find it useful, you could like it or leave a comment. And don’t forget that you can write your exercises in a comment to have the correction.

 

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