You will be able to use the 2 most useful verbs in Italian and you will know how to express your feelings, needs and states of being.
Avere is used in many idiomatic expressions (espressioni idiomatiche) that indicate people’s feelings or convey physical sensations.
If you don’t remember the conjugation of the verb avere you can find it in this article.
These expressions are formed with avere + noun.
The equivalent English expressions are generally formed with to be + adjective.
Here are a few common ones:
avere fame = to be hungry
avere sete = to be thirsty
avere sonno = to be sleepy
avere caldo = to be warm (hot)
avere freddo = to be cold
avere fretta = to be in a hurry
avere paura = to be afraid
avere bisogno di = to need, have need of
avere voglia di = to want, to feel like
avercela con = to have it in for
avere a che fare con = to deal with
Maria ha sempre fame.
Maria is always hungry.
Ho caldo. Ho voglia di un gelato.
I’m hot. I feel like having ice cream.
Ho bisogno di una vacanza.
I need a vacation.
To express your feelings you will need the verb essere (to be)
If you don’t remember the conjugation of the verb essere you can find it in this article.
essere felice = to be happy
essere triste = to be sad
essere annoiato = to be bored
essere arrabbiato = to be angry
essere ubriaco = to be drunk
essere innamorato = to be in love
Remember that in Italian, adjectives need to agree in gender and number with the nouns to which they refer. We have 2 types of adjectives:
1) adjectives ending in -o as innamorato
2) adjectives ending in -e as felice
adjectives ending in -o have 4 different endings according to gender and number
io sono innamorato (masculine singular)
io sono innamorata (feminine singular)
noi siamo innamorati (masculine plural)
noi siamo innamorate (feminine plural)
adjectives ending in -e have only 2 different endings according to the number
io sono felice (both masculine and feminine singular)
noi siamo felici (both masculine and feminine plural)
RECAP + EXERCISE
Can you translate the following sentence?
- I am cold.
- They are angry.
- Maria is sleeping.
- We are hungry
- They are thirsty.
- You are happy.
Thank you for reading the article, if you find it useful, you could like it or leave a comment. And don’t forget that you can write your exercises in a comment to have the correction.]