The 2 auxiliary verbs in Italian are essere (to be) and avere (to have)
Essere and avere are irregular verbs (verbi irregolari), which means that they don’t follow a predictable pattern of conjugation. And they are used in many grammatical and linguistic situations. Therefore, learning the conjugations and many uses of these verbs is crucial to the study of Italian language.
Let’s see together the conjugation of the verb essere.
Essere is used to indicate identity, profession, origin, time of the day, nationality, physical aspect and character.
Sono un uomo = I am a man
Sono un dottore = I am a doctor
Sono di Londra = I am from London
Sono tedesco = I am German
Sono bello = I am beautiful
Sono felice = I am happy
Let’s see together the conjugation of the verb avere.
Generally speaking, the meaning of avere is to hold or maintain as a possession.
Ho molti amici = I have many friends.
Ha una casa = He has a house.
Maria ha un vestito nuovo = Maria has a new dress.
Complete the sentences by choosing the correct option.
- Giovanni _____ una casa.
- Franca _____ italiana.
- Giovanni e Pietro ______ alti.
- Voi ______ siete italiani.
- Noi ______ una casa.
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