il presente di “essere” e “avere” – the present tense of “to be” and “to have”

The 2 auxiliary verbs in Italian are essere (to be) and avere (to have)

Essere and avere are irregular verbs (verbi irregolari), which means that they don’t follow a predictable pattern of conjugation. And they are used in many grammatical and linguistic situations. Therefore, learning the conjugations and many uses of these verbs is crucial to the study of Italian language.

Let’s see together the conjugation of the verb essere.

essere

Essere is used to indicate identity, profession, origin, time of the day, nationality, physical aspect and character.

 Some examples:

Sono un uomo = I am a man
Sono un dottore = I am a doctor
Sono di Londra = I am from London
Sono tedesco = I am German
Sono bello = I am beautiful
Sono felice = I am happy

Let’s see together the conjugation of the verb avere.

avere

Generally speaking, the meaning of avere is to hold or maintain as a possession.

 

Some examples:

Ho molti amici = I have many friends.
Ha una casa = He has a house.
Maria ha un vestito nuovo = Maria has a new dress.

 

Complete the sentences by choosing the correct option.

  1. Giovanni _____ una casa.

ha

hai

hanno

avete

 

  1. Franca _____ italiana.

siamo

siete

sono

è

 

  1. Giovanni e Pietro ______ alti.

siete

è

sono

siamo

 

  1. Voi ______ siete italiani.

siamo

siete

è

sono

 

  1. Noi ______ una casa.

hanno

abbiamo

ho

ha

 

 

Thank you for reading the article, if you find it useful, you could like it or leave a comment. And don’t forget that you can write your exercises in a comment to have the correction.

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