Personal subject pronouns indicate who is doing the task. In Italian they are:
lui/lei (egli/ella) (he/she)
loro (essi/esse) (they)
In every grammar book, you will read that the personal subject pronouns for the third singular person are egli (masculine form) and ella (feminine form). The same thing happens for the third plural person, where you can find essi (masculine) and esse (feminine). However, they are not used anymore when it comes to speaking. They have been replaced by lui (masculine singular) lei (feminine singular) and loro (both masculine and feminine plural).
One more thing: personal subject pronouns are often omitted because the conjugation of the verb already makes you understand who is doing the task. Unlike English, where you have the same conjugation for all the persons (besides the third singular one), in Italian, the conjugation changes according to the person.
Therefore, if I say “mangio la pasta” (I eat pasta), mangio implies that the subject is the first singular person.
In the chart you can find the list of the personal subject pronouns
Choose the correct personal subject pronoun for each sentence.
- ____ vado a casa. (I go home)
- _____ andiamo al cinema. (We go to the cinema)
- _______ andate a mangiare al ristorante. (You go to eat to the restaurant)
Thank you for reading the article, if you find it useful, you could like it or leave a comment. And don’t forget that you can write your exercises in a comment to have the correction.