Days of the week + Months – I giorni della settimana + i mesi

Since we have just seen how articles agree with nouns, the days of the week (=giorni della settimana) give us the perfect chance to practice a bit this rule.
As you saw before, nouns ending in –ì can be either masculine or feminine, the workdays of the week are all masculine and end with –ì.

Lunedì

 

Monday
Martedì

 

Tuesday

Mercoledì 

Wednesday

Giovedì

 

Thursday

Venerdì 

Friday

 

Regarding the weekend (= il fine settimana), we have

Sabato (Saturday)

Since it ends with –o, it is a masculine noun = il sabato.

And

Domenica (Sunday)

Since it ends with –a, it is a feminine noun = la domenica.

Why is it important to know the gender of the day of the week? Because if you want to talk about a specific Monday, Tuesday, etc., you will just add the day of week.
For example:

Lunedì vado dal dottore = I am going to the doctor on Monday

From this sentence I understand that next Monday, the first Monday that will come, you are going to the doctor.

If you add the magical definite article before the day of the week, it changes the meaning of the sentence:

Il lunedì vado dal dottore = I go to the doctor on Mondays

From this sentence I understand that you go to the doctor every Monday (if this is the case, I am sorry for you).

All the days of the week, besides Sunday, are masculine so you will always use the definite article il.

Il lunedì, il martedì, il mercoledì, il giovedì, il venerdì, il sabato.

Since Sunday is feminine, it requires the feminine definite article la.

La domenica.

 

 

As you guessed from some sentences before, week in Italian is settimana.

 

Settimana = Week

Giorni feriali = Workdays

Fine settimana = Weekend

 

To be sure that you won’t dare buca a qualcuno (=stand someone up), it is better to see also some expression to talk about the date in Italian.

These are some basic expressions that will help you in everyday life:

 

Che giorno è? = What day is today?

Quando ci vediamo? = When will see each other?

Qual è la data di oggi? = What is today’s date?

 

Some possibilities to answer:

 

Oggi = Today

Stasera = Tonight

Domani = Tomorrow

Domani mattina = Tomorrow morning

Domani sera = Tomorrow evening

Questa settimana = This week

Settimana prossima = Next week

 

At this point, how to not mention the months of the year?

 

Gennaio

 

January

 

Febbraio

 

February 

Marzo

 

March

 

Aprile

 

April 

Maggio

 

May

 

Giugno

 

June

 

Luglio

 

July 

Agosto

 

August 

Settembre

 

September 
Ottobre 

October

 

Novembre

 

November 
Dicembre 

December

 

 

 

 

On a very quick note: Italians don’t capitalize neither the days of the week nor the months!

Thank you for reading the article, if you find it useful, you could like it or leave a comment.

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