Italian For Beginners: how to start learning Italian.

Language learning can sometimes be quite difficult and you end up feeling overwhelmed. But essentially, the secret to learn Italian lies in talking as much as possible.

All the new grammar rules  can seem complicated but don’t let them get in the way of out what you actually want to do: to speak Italian. It’s important to learn grammar in baby steps but the most important thing is to speak.  And I recommend doing it from day 1.

But where do you begin? How can you start talking if you have zero knowledge about the language you want to learn? The trick is to create blocks of words.

Basically, the method states that once you know 10 nouns, 10 verbs and 10 adjectives, you can form 1000 sentences. Quite a lot already, right? Of course some of them won’t make too much sense, but 800 phrases are not too bad either, aren’t they? And anyone can learn 30 vocabulary words in a few days. I picked out here what I believe are the most valuable 10 words of each category. Here we go!

 

Nouns

 

  1. L’uomo – the man
  2. La donna – the woman
  3. Il bambino – the child
  4. La macchina – the car
  5. Il pane – the bread
  6. La casa – the house
  7. La città – the city
  8. La nazione – the country
  9. I soldi – the money
  10. Il libro – the book

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Verbs

(I added the present tense conjugations.)

1. essere – to be

io sono
tu sei
lui/lei è
noi siamo
voi siete
loro sono

2. vedere – to see

io vedo
tu vedi
lui/lei vede
noi vediamo
voi vedete
loor vedono

3. avere – to have

io ho
tu hai
lui/lei ha
noi abbiamo
voi avete
loro hanno

4. andare – to go

io vado
tu vai
lui/lei va
noi andiamo
voi andate
loro vanno

5. partire – to leave

io parto
tu parti
lui/lei parte
noi partiamo
voi partite
loro partono

6. venire– to come

io vengo
tu vieni
lui/lei viene
noi veniamo
voi venite
loro vengono

7. mangiare – to eat

io mangio
tu mangi
lui/lei mangia
noi mangiamo
voi mangiate
loro mangiano

 

Italian piadina! 🍴😍 #food #foodporn #italian #daily #dinner #milan #bestoftheday #happy

A photo posted by Claudia Scaringi (@friendlyitalian) on


8. avere bisogno di – to need

io ho bisogno di
tu hai bisogno di
lui/lei ha bisogno di
noi abbiamo bisogno di
voi avete bisogno di
loro hanno bisogno di

9. dire – to say

io dico
tu dici
lui/lei dice
noi diciamo
voi dite
loro dicono

10. dare – to give

io do
tu dai
lui/lei dà
noi diamo
voi date
loro dannon

 

Adjectives

 

  1. interessante – interesting
  2. noioso – boring
  3. grande – big
  4. piccolo – small
  5. lungo – long
  6. corto –     short
  7. buono – good
  8. cattivo – bad
  9. bello – beautiful
  10. brutto – ugly

 

Now, as you have seen, you’ll actually be learning a bit more than just 30 words, because you will be learning the conjugations of the verbs, as well as the basic personal pronouns. But don’t worry, you will acquire the extra knowledge naturally as you study your vocabulary. I suggest you make 30 vocabulary cards, one for each word that I recommend here. Of course, feel free to replace some of them, if you can think of words that are more relevant to you and what you want to say.

 Here are some examples of what you can say now:

 

  • La casa è grande. – The house is big.
  • L’uomo è bello. – The man is beautiful.
  • La donna mangia il pane. – The woman eats bread.
  • Io ho la macchina. – I have  the car.
  • Noi diamo i soldi. – We give money.
  • Il libro è interessante. – The book is interesting.

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As you see, you have now acquired a really good stock of words for various situations and opinions. I urge you to go out and practice these words all the time. You see a big car driving by? Just say in your head: “la macchina è grande.” You see a beautiful man in the street? “l’uomo è bello.” As you do this, a very important thing happens: you get a feel for the language. You see patterns in conjugation and sentence structure. That’s a great point to move on from and dive deeper into the language.

If you are the type of person who prefer to know exactly how words change and their rules, you can read a couple of articles about present tense and adjectives.

Thank you for reading this article.

If you find it useful or if you have any questions, please like it or leave a comment.

 

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